During an ear examination an otoscope is used in order to look at the outer ear canal and eardrum. An otoscope is a handheld instrument with a light, a magnifying lens and a funnel-shaped speculum.
A hearing (audiometric) test is part of an ear examination that evaluates a person's ability to hear by measuring the ability of sound reaching the brain. Children and adults are tested in a soundproof booth.
The Electronic Microscope is useful in the examination of the external and inner ear, and tympanic membrane, with an advanced video otoscope linked to a television monitor.
Examination of the larynx
Endoscopy of the larynx
For the evaluation of hoarseness, dyspnea, laryngeal pain, hemoptysis, dysphagia special skills and tools are used for the safe and painless examination of the larynx. Indirect laryngoscopy or direct laryngoscopy with a rigid or flexible laryngoscope are used to view the vocal chords, the glottis and the trachea.
Examination of the labyrinth-balance
Testing for dizziness/vertigo using special manoeuvres for diagnosis and positional therapy for treating paroxysmal positional vertigo.
Full nose examinations assess the function, airway resistance and occasionally sense of smell. It includes looking into the mouth and pharynx. Evaluation of the nasal passages includes examination of the nasal septum, the turbinates and the lateral wall with a speculum and the nasopharynx with posterior rhinoscopy or endoscopy linked to television monitor.ργός ωτορινολαρυγγολόγος